- 등록일 2019-11-07
Sharing our legislation with other Asian countries - foundation for economic growth and democracy
Minister of Government Legislation
There is a proverb in Korea: catch two hares at once. This means to accomplish two goals at once. When we chase two hares, they are frightened to death and run away in all directions. Therefore, the implication is that catching two hares at one time is extremely challenging and unlikely.
Korea's per capita gross national income (GNI) surpassed $30,000 for the first time last year. And Korea has transformed from a recipient country of development aid to a donor and experienced impressive economic growth after the liberation. At the same time, Korea has achieved democracy thanks to the pro-democracy movement mainly led by students in 1987. It shows us that we have attained two challenging goals at once, economic growth and democracy.
All the efforts and commitment to achieve the astonishing accomplishments resulted in legislation. It's because legislation has been the answer to maintaining national and social order as well as solving various pending issues.
The Ministry of Government Legislation has shared our legislative experience that supported Korea's rapid economic growth and democracy with other Asian countries. We held the Asian Forum of Legislative Information Affairs (AFOLIA) in November of 2011 and June of 2012 and about 40 Asian countries attended the forum. Since 2013, we have held the Asian Legislative Experts Symposium (ALES) every year to develop specific strategies for legislative development through a comparative discussion among domestic and overseas legislative experts.
Our Ministry held the 7th ALES under the theme of “Legislative Modification Strategies for Smart City Development” on October 30, 2019. ASEAN member countries are more focusing on solving various urban problems such as high population density and improving a crime prevention system. This symposium served as a meaningful venue to suggest an available alternative and a legal foundation therefor to ASEAN member countries.
Based on the network with other Asian countries developed through the ALES, we laid the cornerstone of cooperation by signing memoranda of understanding with 28 organizations from 17 countries. We are now carrying out a legislative consulting project for the countries that want to benchmark Korea's legal system. And we are providing support to developing countries for the advancement of their legal systems by organizing invitational training programs and sharing our legislative experience and knowledge.
The project that aimed to support the establishment of the Myanmar Law Information System is a case in point. After the democratic government took power, Myanmar put emphasis on the rule of law and showed an interest in our national legal information system. In 2012, Myanmar submitted a letter of request for disseminating information and knowledge about our National Law Information Center to our Ministry. In 2014, feasibility study was conducted and in 2015 we undertook the official development assistance (ODA) project of establishing a legal information system in Myanmar. The legal information system was opened up to the general public in May of 2018 and is available both on PC and on mobile app. As of October of 2019, about 9,200 statutes are provided and the cumulative number of visitors is about 380,000.
Meanwhile, Indonesia has a huge interest in a unitary legislative organization and is endeavoring to establish it. When our Ministry and the Cabinet Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia signed a memorandum of understanding in September of 2018, Indonesia took a keen interest in one of our missions, statutory examination. After Joko Widodo was re-elected as the president of the Republic of Indonesia, the country has set a goal of establishing a unitary legislative organization like the Ministry of Government Legislation and our Ministry has provided lots of support.
Going forward, our Ministry will make further efforts to share various legislative experience and knowledge and to strengthen legislative exchange and cooperation in order to contribute to solving complex challenges Asian countries are now facing. I hope our efforts would lead to the establishment of legal systems that is required for economic growth and democracy of other Asian countries.